Biography

Carlos Cruz-Diez

(Caracas, 1923) has lived and worked in Paris since 1960

His artistic roots reach back to the Movimiento Cinético [Kinetic Movement] of the 1950s and 1960s. As his thinking on the visual arts has evolved, his ideas have changed attitudes on how color is perceived in art. According to his artist’s statement, color is an autonomous reality, devoid of anecdotes, that evolves in real time and space with no need of form or support.

Carlos Cruz-Diez’s artistic proposal is based on eight research projects that reveal the myriad ways in which color behaves: Couleur Additive [Additive Color], Physichromie, Induction Chromatique [Chromatic Induction], Chromointerférence, Transchromie, Chromosaturation, Chromoscope, and Couleur dans l’espace [Color in Space].

His works are part of the permanent collections at institutions such as:

Museum of Modern Art, New York;
Tate Modern, London;
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris;
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston;
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne;
Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.

The following are a few of his solo and group exhibitions:

"Bewogen Beweging", Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands (1961)
"Mouvement 2", Galerie Denise René, Paris, France (1964)
"The Responsive Eye", Museum of Modern Art, New York, United States (1965)
"Lumière et Mouvement", Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France (1967)
"Cruz-Diez: Cinq propositions sur la couleur" and "Multiples", Galerie Denise René, Paris, France (1969)
"Pavellón venezolano en la XXXV Biennale di Venezia", Venice, Italy (1970)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Die Autonomie der Farbe" [The Anatomy of Color], Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop,
Germany (1988)
"Une Tour Eiffel haute en couleurs" [A Colorful Eiffel Tower], Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (2003)
"Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America", Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, United States (2004)
"Lo(s) Cinético(s)" [The Kinetic(s)], Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (2007)
"(In)Formed by Color: Carlos Cruz-Diez", The Americas Society, New York, United States (2008)
"El Color Sucede" [Color Happens], Museu d’Art Espanyol Contemporani, Palma de Mallorca,
Spain (2009); Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain (2009)
"Carlos Cruz Diez: The Embodied Experience of Color", Miami Art Museum, United States (2010)
"Suprasensorial Experiments in Light, Color, and Space", The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, United States (2010); Hirshhorn Museum, Washington DC, United States (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space and Time", Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, United States (2011)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo", Museo de Arte Latinoamericano (MALBA - Fundación Constantini), Buenos Aires, Argentina (2011)
"Cruz-Diez: Color in Space", Jeonbuk Province Art Museum, Jeonbuk, South Korea (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and Ambiguity of Color", Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, Ninjing, China (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: A cor no espaço e no tempo", Pinacoteca do estado, São Paulo, Brazil (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo", Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo - MUAC, Mexico (2012)
"Light Show", Hayward Gallery, London, UK (2013)
"La Invención Concreta: Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros", Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (2013)
"Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art. 1913-2013", Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France (2013)
 

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CURRENT EXHIBITIONS
Design Museum
Jan Breydelstraat 5,
9000 Gent, Belgium
15.11.14 - 01.03.15

Maison de l'Amérique latine
217, Boulevard Saint-Germain,
Paris, France
04.11.14 - 31.01.15

Auckland Art Gallery
Corner Kitchener and Wellesley Streets
Auckland, New Zealand
11.10.14 - 08.02.15

Centro Niemeyer
Avenida del Zinc, s/n
33400 Avilés, Spain
26.09.14 - 08.02.15

Galerie Gimpel & Müller
12, rue Guénégaud
75006, Paris
18.09.14 - 30.11.14

Centre Pompidou
Place Georges Pompidou,
Paris, France
23.10.13 - 31.12.14

University of Essex - ESCALA
Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom
06.09.14 - 06.12.14