Carlos Cruz-Diez (Caracas, 1923)

Franco-Venezuelan artist Carlos Cruz-Diez has lived and worked in Paris since 1960. He is one of the great figures of kinetic-optic art. He is a contemporary theorist of color whose artistic proposal is based on four chromatic conditions: subtractive, additive, inductive and reflected. His research has brought art a new way of understanding the phenomenon of color, greatly expanding its perceptual universe.

Cruz-Diez's work revolves around color conceived as an autonomous reality, devoid of anecdotes, progressing in space and real time without past or future, in perpetual present. In his works the color appears as a reality that can exist without the help of the form or any physical medium.

His work includes eight investigations: Couleur Additive, Physichromie, Induction Chromatique, Chromointerférence, Transchromie, Chromosaturation, Chromoscope and Couleur à l'Espace.


In my works, color appears and disappears in the course of the dialogue that is generated in real time and space. Simultaneously, it unquestionably appears that the acquired information as well as the knowledge stored in the course of our living experience, aren’t probably true ... at least partially.

It is also possible that with color, approached through a "basic vision" devoided of predetermined meaning, we are able to awaken other sensitive apprehension mechanisms more subtle and complex than those imposed by cultural conditioning and mass information of contemporary societies.

Carlos Cruz-Diez
in Reflexion on Color, Madrid: Fundación Juan March, 2009 [or. ed. 1989]


His works are part of the permanent collections at institutions such as:

Museum of Modern Art, New York;
Tate Modern, London;
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris;
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston;
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne;
Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.


The following are a few of his solo and group exhibitions:

"Bewogen Beweging", Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands (1961)
"Mouvement 2", Galerie Denise René, Paris, France (1964)
"The Responsive Eye", Museum of Modern Art, New York, United States (1965)
"Lumière et Mouvement", Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France (1967)
"Cruz-Diez: Cinq propositions sur la couleur" and "Multiples", Galerie Denise René, Paris, France (1969)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez", XXXV Biennale di Venezia, Venezuelan pavilion, Venice, Italy (1970)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Die Autonomie der Farbe", Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop, Germany (1988)
"Une Tour Eiffel haute en couleurs", Centre Pompidou, Paris, France (2003)
"Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America", Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, United States (2004)
"Lo(s) Cinético(s)", Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (2007)
"(In)Formed by Color: Carlos Cruz-Diez", The Americas Society, New York, United States (2008)
"El Color Sucede", Museu d’Art Espanyol Contemporani, Palma de Mallorca,?Spain (2009); Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain (2009)
"Carlos Cruz Diez: The Embodied Experience of Color", Miami Art Museum, United States (2010)
"Suprasensorial Experiments in Light, Color, and Space", The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, United States (2010); Hirshhorn Museum, Washington DC, United States (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space and Time", Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, United States (2011)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo", Museo de Arte Latinoamericano (MALBA - Fundación Constantini), Buenos Aires, Argentina (2011)
"Cruz-Diez: Color in Space", Jeonbuk Province Art Museum, Jeonbuk, South Korea (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and Ambiguity of Color", Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, Ninjing, China (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: A cor no espaço e no tempo", Pinacoteca do estado, São Paulo, Brazil (2012)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo", Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo - MUAC, Mexico (2012)
"Light Show", Hayward Gallery, London, UK (2013)
"Lightopia", Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein, Germany (2013)
"La Invención Concreta: Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros", Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (2013)
"Dynamo. Un siècle de lumière et de mouvement dans l’art. 1913-2013", Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France (2013)
"Formes simples", Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, France (2014)
"Radical Geometry: Modern Art of South America from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection", Royal Academy of Arts, London, United Kingdom (2014)
"Color Espacial - Cruz-Diez", Centro Niemeyer, Avilés, Spain (2014)
"Carlos Cruz-Diez: Didaktik und Dialektik der Farbe", Das Kleine Museum, Weissenstadt am See, Germany (2015)

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Curriculum Vitae
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Das Kleine Museum
Goethestrasse 15 D-95163
Weissenstadt am See,
28.06.15 - 17.10.15

Messeplatz, Halle A, 1020, Vienna, Austria
08.10.15 - 11.10.15

Sharjah Art Foundation
Al Shuwaiheen
Arts Area, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
19.09.15 - 11.12.15

Andreasgasse 7, 1070 Wien, Austria
16.09.15 - 10.01.16

22 rue Charlot
75003, Paris, France
08.10.15 - 15.12.15

Art Gallery, University of Saint Joseph
1678 Asylum Ave, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA
24.09.15 - 20.12.15

Parc de sculptures contemporaines, Domaine du Muy
83490 Le Muy
12.07.15 - 25.10.16